« Antidemocratic and xenophobic forces of Europe have always been attracted by the European unity dream, the mystic of the imperial Rome»
(FB - 1998)
" Being a citizen is a voluntary act "
(FB - 2009)
"Thinking about the future only makes sense if it is aimed at improving one’s thinking about the present and about the trends at work"
(FB - 1998)
"The European project is not a dream, but a hope. It is rooted in rationality, which is not the case with dreams. We Europeans have seen our dreams end in nightmares too often not to be suspicious."
(FB - 2005)
"The strength of a network is judged at the information level of the weakest link, or more precisely the link furthest from the centre of the network."
(FB - 2004)
"Europe's destiny is escaping the two "Greats" and it will come knocking on the door of the Europeans."
(FB - 1989)
"The history of Europe is a bit like a multifaceted diamond. Everyone sees the same diamond... but no one sees exactly the same facets."
(FB - E-storia project, 2004)
"Let us dare the future as the founding fathers of Europe did"
(FB - "From EU to Euroland", 2001)
"The European citizenship can not be decreed. The European citizen can only be born..."
(FB - 1992)
"Every state is a minority in the EU. In any case, let’s not forget that if all our states went into building the EU it is because they all felt too small to face alone both their future and the rest of the world."
(FB - 2003)
"From a single (EU) Currency to a single (EU) Citizenship. The euro is only an instrument."
(FB - 1997)
"An empire is always providing platforms where conflicts and wars prolife­rate... an empire needs enemies, whilst a Community requires partners."
(FB - 1992)
"Europe’s history has taught us that dreams and nightmares are the two faces of the same coin"
(FB - “Europe is Peace” 2006)
"Everybody wants to have a successful enlargement whereas it is a successful enlarged EU which is important."
(FB - 2002)
"It is clear that the existing national political parties can not serve two masters: national and European."
(FB - IDE, 1989)
"It takes teamwork to make Europe move forward."
(FB - 2005)
"There is nothing like one European. The European is a team of Europeans... the only way we can imagine a European, it is a team of people from different countries, not a single man or woman."
(FB - Enschede (NL) 2012)
"On the horizon with a heaven of freedom and a land of responsibility, this is perhaps the soul of Europe."
(FB - 1992)
"The future challenge for the European project is not about Europe anymore, it is about the Europeans."
(FB - 2005)
"The more Brussels speaks English, the less Brussels understands the Europeans"
(FB - 2004)
"Occupy the Future of Europe!"
("What do YOU want as a future for AEGEE?" Franck Biancheri at the 2012 Agora in Enschede)
"To combine new technologies and democratic principles to succeed in the entry of European integration in the 21st century or e-democracy at the service of Euro-democracy"
(FB - EUSV, 2001)
"In the years 00 of the 21st century, democratization can only take place in the perspective of the democratic election of a European executive that remains to be invented."
(FB - EUSV, 2001)
"We must build the European Community, otherwise Europe will soon be culturally Americanised, politically Finlandised and technologically Japanised"
EGEE I, 1984

Bringing Europeans to the Moon (2003)

The moon, the space, technologies, innovation have always fascinated Franck Biancheri.


In 1986 he organised the first European space weekend. He was convinced that this kind of techological challenges are the one to bring together the Europeans. Through the realisation of a concrete project such as the conquest of the space in which European citizens are able to project themselves, to succeed in the realisation of a project that is vastly more ideological: the European integration. This is the guiding principle of pedagogy which for him was primary. Bringing Europeans to the moon is also bringing them to Europe.


Year 2003, with recent tragedy of US space shuttle Columbia and with the imminent launch of a manned spacecraft by China, is definitely closing an era of space conquest and opening a completely new one.


The era of USA/Russia domination of space conquest is coming to a close; the coming one is an era of multiple space powers without clear leadership anymore in terms of space conquest. In order to play an active role in that ‘New Space Order’, Europe has to rapidly define its strategy and to back it with relevant means. Otherwise, Europe will be left out of what will be, in any case, the new frontier for mankind by the end of this century.


Russia and the US no more in the lead for space conquest


Russia’s space programme is today unable to address new challenges of its own. Crippled by lack of funds and no Russian political vision for its space assets, the Russian space programme is indeed delivering robust tools and components, but no leadership and endeavour as during the time of the USSR.


Today, it is now obvious that the US space programme is also in total jeopardy. Underfunded, based upon obsolete technologies and components, lacking also any US political vision for space conquest, it is today only the shadow of what it was in its leadership era of the 60s and 70s.


China has a very ambitious space strategy


Meanwhile, in the past two decades, new space powers have emerged, mainly Europe and China (with smaller contenders such as India or Japan). China’s programme is obviously sponsored by a strong political will to use space conquest for reaching two main objectives:


– Establishing China as one of the very few space powers, commanding therefore entire segments of tomorrow’s technology and might

– Establishing Chinese as the people really serious about ‘going for the other planets’.


And as everywhere (but in Europe), China also uses its space programme to boost national identity and pride, projecting its own image into the future of humanity.


Europe is in need for a space strategy


Europe is the other emerging space power of the past decades. It has successfully taken over a major part of non military satellite launches and has therefore become the current leader of the commercial use of space. It now faces difficulties which only occur to leaders: new technology development troubles (Ariane V repeated failures) … and the need for a decent long term strategy. Technology difficulties can only be overcome by better management and funding. Both can only exist if there is a clear political vision and will for a European Space Programme, heading towards 2050.


Audacious European space programme will bring Europe many benefits


Such a long term programme will bring several major benefits to Europe:


– Ensuring its position as one of the major players of the challenge of coming decades

– Ensuring its ability to be self-dependEnt concerning the use of space (civil or military)

– Developing new technologies in various science and technology fields

– Keeping up with a future-oriented image (as shown with the major impact in public opinion of successes like Ariane or Airbus), especially with younger generations

– Generating a ‘European feeling’ of common identity and pride of actively taking part in a major human achievement: space conquest.


Using future CAP savings to boost the European Space Programme


Of course such a European Space Programme will have to obey several constraints in order to be successful (that is, generating the above mentioned benefits). First, it must define strategic objectives able to give Europeans a specific major aim, as well as being actively involved in other nations major projects.


Simply said: Europe will have to be a leader in one of tomorrow’s key global space projects; as well as taking part as a partner in other major projects. Meanwhile, it must be funded and managed properly. Funds will be available from 2006 on as the Common Agricultural Policy decreases. Obviously it is out of the question to reduce the already meagre EU budget; therefore funds not allocated to the CAP will be available for other purposes: the European Space Programme should benefit from these funds.


In terms of organization, the solution found for Galileo, a joint venture of both European Space Agency and the EU, may offer a proper framework, a crossroads of intergovernmental and common policies.


Setting up a permanent European base on the Moon


The objective of being an active partner of all major international space programmes is already in place and must be pursued (International Space Station, Mars, …). However, it still has to be decided which project Europe should make its own.


Fifteen years ago, when still a student, as president of AEGEE-EUROPE, I had several opportunities to discuss space policies issues, at the occasion of various ‘Space Week-Ends’ we organized in Toulouse and Munich with specialised students and with top European decision makers in aerospace. At that time one idea was cast that Europe should focus on setting up a permanent base on the Moon (which was forgotten when the USA and USSR were not politically interested any more by the race to the Moon).


Whether it is in terms of science, seriously testing ‘industry in space’, finding new solutions to get rid of very dangerous pollutants, or even setting up a more adequate base for future exploration of other planets, the interest of such a ‘Europeans on the Moon’ space programme are numerous and concrete. This is only a possibility. But in any case, people only get interested by space odyssey if THEY (and not robots) are part of the game.


Manned space conquest is compulsory


Of course this requires sending Europeans to space and to refocus the existing policy on manned spaceships. The recent accident of Columbia, and the fact that the International Space Station is currently unreachable for an undetermined period of time illustrates how important it is for Europeans to be self-dependent regarding access to space. Unmanned space conquest of course has also its role and ‘niche’; but as far as we know, as Europeans, we did not explore the world by sending ‘drones’.


No risk of genocide


In a few years time, with EU enlargement and its own Constitution, the European Union will be the youngest of all political entities on Earth. Being audacious and confronting the risks is part of being young. Trying by any means to avoid the unknown is on the contrary part of being old. If we bring Europeans to space, we will bring younger generations closer to feeling part of a common dream: a peaceful one, to be shared with the rest of mankind. And this time, we are sure at least that there are no inhabitants on the Moon, so we do not risk committing genocide as we did in our past colonization adventures.